Most Windows text files use "ANSI", "OEM", "Unicode" or "UTF-8" encoding. What Windows terminology calls "ANSI encodings" are usually single-byte ISO/IEC 8859 encodings (i. e. ANSI in the Microsoft Notepad menus is really "System Code Page", non-Unicode, legacy encoding), except for in locales such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean that require double-byte character sets. ANSI encodings were traditionally used as default system locales within Windows, before the transition to Unicode. By contrast, OEM encodings, also known as DOS code pages, were defined by IBM for use in the original IBM PC text mode display system. They typically include graphical and line-drawing characters common in DOS applications. "Unicode"-encoded Windows text files contain text in UTF-16 Unicode Transformation Format. Such files normally begin with Byte Order Mark (BOM), which communicates the endianness of the file content. Although UTF-8 does not suffer from endianness problems, many Windows programs (i. e. Notepad) prepend the contents of UTF-8-encoded files with BOM, to differentiate UTF-8 encoding from other 8-bit encodings.


A text file (sometimes spelled "textfile": an old alternative name is "flatfile") is a kind of computer file that is structured as a sequence of lines of electronic text . A text file exists within a computer file system . The end of a text file is often denoted by placing one or more special characters, known as an end-of-file marker, after the last line in a text file. Such markers were required under the CP/M and MS-DOS operating systems. On modern operating systems such as Windows and Unix-like systems, text files do not contain any special EOF character.

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Travelling. I think that travelling is one of the most ancient occupations of people. In ancient time travelling was slow, tiring and even dangerous at times. Nowadays it is a miracle of speed and comfort. It goes without saying that horse carriages and steamboats of the past can’t be compared to our modern fast trains and ocean-liners, to say nothing of planes. But still there is something which unites modern and ancient travellers - it’s the spirit of adventure in their souls, the desire to see and expierence everything themselves. No one can choose between various means of transportation. Travelling by air is surely the fastest and the most convenient way of travelling. Travelling by sea or river is really cool if you are not seasick. Modern sea-liners look like real floating cities with all modern conveniences and a wide choice of sport and entertainment facilities. Travelling by train affords a great comfort for the people. They needn’t trouble about foodstuffs as there’s usually a dining- car in each train. If you are a great lover of nature, there’s nothing for you like travelling on foot. You can’t but observe many interesting things and admire the beautiful landscape around. I think that at present I prefer to travel by fast trains with dining cars. I love making myself comfortable in the compartment, getting acquainted with people, watching landscapes and cities fly by. I enjoy the noise of the wheels which always brings me sweet dreams. I travelled a lot by train and visited: Moscow, Petersbug, Odessa. I was greatly impressed by my trips. I hope that I’ll have more opportunities to travel in future. I’m looking forward to it with great pleasure.