Most Windows text files use "ANSI", "OEM", "Unicode" or "UTF-8" encoding. What Windows terminology calls "ANSI encodings" are usually single-byte ISO/IEC 8859 encodings (i. e. ANSI in the Microsoft Notepad menus is really "System Code Page", non-Unicode, legacy encoding), except for in locales such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean that require double-byte character sets. ANSI encodings were traditionally used as default system locales within Windows, before the transition to Unicode. By contrast, OEM encodings, also known as DOS code pages, were defined by IBM for use in the original IBM PC text mode display system. They typically include graphical and line-drawing characters common in DOS applications. "Unicode"-encoded Windows text files contain text in UTF-16 Unicode Transformation Format. Such files normally begin with Byte Order Mark (BOM), which communicates the endianness of the file content. Although UTF-8 does not suffer from endianness problems, many Windows programs (i. e. Notepad) prepend the contents of UTF-8-encoded files with BOM, to differentiate UTF-8 encoding from other 8-bit encodings.
Travel and Tourism.
A lot of people travel nowadays. But why do people travel? It's not surprising because distances between countries are becoming shorter due to the development of transport. Today people have lots of good reasons to travel. First of all, travelling is a part of people's education. It goes without saying that it's always interesting to discover new places and new ways of life, to try foreigh food and to listen to unusual music. Besides, travelling is a good way to practise foreigh languages. Another reason why people travel is to relax. And finally, a lot of people travel around the world on business.
There are a lot of diffent means of travelling. For example, when people have to visit another country, they prefer air travel because it's the fastest means of transport. Also, people like travelling by train. Nowadays modern trains are very comfortable.And a lot people prefer travelling by car because it's really convenient, you can stop any time you fell tired.
What are the most popular tourist distinations? The most popular tourist distination in summer is of course seaside because in summer people prefer to relax, they like swimming and getting a nice tan. But if people travel in winter, I think they like skating and skiing.
In recent years tourism has really taken off and today it is the world's second largest industry. Millions of people all over the world are fond of travelling.